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Islamic Art

Islamic Art


There are repeating elements in Islamic art, such as the use of vegetal designs or geometric patterns in a repetition known as the arabesque they are all interlaced patterns. All these designs have taken a great deal of effort and imagination in order to create beautiful endless patterns. The arabesque in Islamic art is often used to symbolize the infinite nature of God.

Meaning and design

The art of the Islamic world reflects its cultural values and reveals the way Muslims view the spiritual realm and the universe.

Where is Islamic Architecture used

It has been used in many different types of buildings such as Mosques, arches, Water Fountains, Public Washrooms, Large or public buildings, and finally Wall Art.

Design Characteristics

Artists avoided depicting lifelike forms. Instead, they created a special kind of decoration or design, called arabesque. An arabesque is a very complicated design. It can consist of twisting patterns of vines, leaves, and flowers. Or It can be made up patterns of straight lines, and have curving lines that twist and turn over each other. The design is characterized by intertwining plants and motifs.

Islamic Architecture

Islamic architecture is mainly used in two important types of buildings. The first is a place of worship, called a mosque.

Mosques have large central domes and entrances of semi-circular arches. They also included minarets, which were high narrow towers with stairs that led to a balcony from which prayer was called five times a day. Minarets were meant to be seen from a distance as a hallmark of Islam. Inside, walls and surfaces were adorned with decorations.


The early Muslim rulers did not like living in crowded cities. The palaces looked like Roman empires, they were built of stone and earth surrounded by walls with big towers. The throne rooms, prayer rooms, baths, and living quarters were decorated with mosaics.

Decorative Arts

Many different arts were used in the decoration of Islamic mosques and palaces they reflect the superiority of God the Almighty. Arabesque carvings are used in stone, wood, and plaster adorn the doorways, pulpits of mosques and walls of mosques. The borders of the decorations were often inscribed with quotations from the Koran or even intricate images of vines, flowers, and lines. Mosques and Palaces were decorated with mosaic pictures made by pressing tiny pieces of coloured glass into wet cement. Painted and glazed tiles covered interior and exterior walls.

Islamic Glass Making

Glassmaking was the most important Islamic luxury art of the early Middle Ages. Between the 8th and early 11th centuries, the emphasis in luxury glass was on effects achieved by manipulating the surface of the glass, initially by incising into the glass on a wheel, and later by cutting away the background to leave a design in relief. Nowadays we produce large sheets of flat glass providing a canvas surface. With various techniques like Stencilled, Mirrored, Digitally Printed or combination of all, we can produce the most beautiful wall cladding applications like Kitchen & Bathroom Glass Splashbacks with Arabic/Islamic calligraphy art or patterns without seams or joints.

Geometric patterns islamic art

Geometric patterns are used as decoration in Islamic art. Consisting of, or generated from, such
simple forms as the circle and the square, geometric patterns were combined, duplicated,
interlaced, and arranged in intricate combinations, thus becoming one of the most distinguishing
features of Islamic art. These represent freedom as they freeflow.

Vegetal islamic patterns

For example, vegetal patterns, also known as arabesques, are often connected to the Garden of
Paradise or the Tree of Life. Circles represent infinity because they have no beginning or ending.
example, vegetal patterns, also known as arabesques, are often connected to the Garden of
Paradise or the Tree of Life. Circles represent infinity because they have no beginning or ending.

Continuous Vegetal islamic pattern

Continuous Vegetal pattern on a water fountain.

Quarnic calligraphy with vegetal patters.

Quarnic calligraphy with vegetal patters.

Intricate Arabesque pattern on an arch

Intricate Arabesque pattern on an arch

Arabesque design

Arabesque design on an arch with calligraphy.

Geometric patterns on the inside of a dome

Geometric patterns on the inside of a dome

Arabesque inlays at the Mughal Agra Fort, India

Geometrical designs in repetition, know as Arabesque are used in Islamic art to symbolize the transcendent, indivisible, and infinite nature of God.Indigenous corralled arches

Indigenous corralled arches with floral motifs, and geometric patterns on Islamic architectural structures.

Public Wash Room with geometric patterns

Public Wash Room with geometric patterns

Geometric islamic patterns

Geometric tile print can be used as wall art, Splashbacks or wall claddings.

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